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There is quite frightening when you hear that your cat needs to undergo anesthesia procedure. We all know that there is a risk in any anesthetic agent when administered to a patient, regardless of the length of time. In a study made, 1 out of 100,000 animals will have a reaction to an anesthetic agent. While to cats, anesthesia side effect will depend on the type of sedation used for the surgery. But before your cat undergoes a surgery, your vet will conduct tests. Also, your vet will advise not to feed your cat within 12 hours to avoid vomiting. Wherein, vomiting could harm your cat’s lungs, resulting in suffocation or aspiration pneumonia. One of the anesthetic side effects is post-surgical drowsiness. You don’t have to worry as it will only last for a day.
What to Expect on the Day of the Anesthetic/Surgical Event
Your vet will make sure to get all the information needed before the surgery. They will ask you about some health-related question. Also, you will answer some review and consent before your cat undergoes a procedure. It is very important you review the forms and have all your questions answered. In this way, it will be easier for medical professionals to know what your cat needs.
Acepromazine for Cats
The tranquilizer acepromazine is not an anesthetic. However, it is administered to cats prior to surgery. Acepromazine is used along with anesthesia to achieve complete sedation. Keep in mind that the effect of it will last for six to eight hours.
When your cat has been administered with acepromazine, its side effect includes lowered blood pressure. Wherein, it can increase your cat’s heart rate. Keep in mind that cat with cardiac disease, anemia and epilepsy should not receive this drug.
Ketamine as an Anesthetic
If your cat suffered from a minor injury, ketamine is administered to them. Injectable ketamine puts a cat completely “out” for about an hour.
The vet suggested that cat suffering from heart disease and epilepsy should not receive ketamine. However, its side effect includes a change in the kitty’s personality.
The amount of ketamine administered depends on the weight of your cat.
This gas anesthetic is administered to the older feline with complex health surgery. In previous years, cats more often died from a response to the general anesthesia than they seem today. However, it doesn’t mean it won’t happen again.
Once gas anesthetic is administered, blindness, liver or kidney failure, cardiac problems, seizures or blood clotting issues might happen. While your cat is under this anesthesia, a medical expert will observe her. They will observe the blood pressure, heart rate and heartbeat, breathing, body temperature and the oxygen in his blood.
How to Minimize the Risks of Anesthesia on Your Cat
It is important that your vet knows the medical history of your cat. Like vaccine history, lifestyle and any medications that will influence how anesthesia will respond. Your vet will recommend a pre-surgical examination and diagnostic tests. It is used to help identify any underlying conditions that might affect the future anesthetic procedure.
Recommended diagnostic tests usually include
1. Electrolyte tests
It is done to secure your cat isn’t dehydrated or suffering from an electrolyte imbalance
2. CBC or complete blood count test
It will help your vet to see and rule out blood-related condition
3. Chemical test
While this test will help to evaluate kidney, liver, and pancreatic function and sugar levels.
If your cat comes home, make sure you will place your cat in a safe and quiet place. Wherein, this kind of area will help her recover faster than usual.
But keep in mind what are the prescriptions given by the vet. Especially when is the right time to feed her. If you have seen changes with its bowel movement, inform your cat immediately.
Keep in Mind
Your cat needs your full attention in times of anesthetic procedure. Like humans, cats want to receive love and affection. In this way, this could be the best way to help them recover faster.